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Hypertension

17 May 2019

You are at an increased risk of high blood pressure or hypertension if you are overweight, have a relative with high blood pressure, smoke, eat too much salt, do not eat enough fruits and vegetables, do not exercise, drink too much coffee and alcohol, or are over the age of 65. High blood pressure can be prevented by making changes to your lifestyle, eating healthily, exercising and avoiding excessive salt intake, smoking and too much alcohol.

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels.

Hypertension and heart disease are global health concerns. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a role in hypertension.

 
 

Fast facts on hypertension:

Here are some key points about hypertension.

  • Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg.
  • Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease.
  • Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems.
  • Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure.

Treatment

While blood pressure is best regulated through the diet before it reaches the stage of hypertension, there is a range of treatment options.

Lifestyle adjustments are the standard first-line treatment for hypertension; Regular physical exercise; Stress reduction; Smoking can raise blood pressure. Giving up smoking reduces the risk of hypertension, heart conditions, and other health issues.

Medications

People with blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 may use medication to treat hypertension.

Drugs are usually started one at a time at a low dose. Side effects associated with antihypertensive drugs are usually minor. Eventually, a combination of at least two antihypertensive drugs is usually required. The choice of drug depends on the individual and any other conditions they may have.

Visit your RingPharm Pharmacy to Know your blood pressure.

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