Don’t take your eyes for granted. Take these easy steps to keep your peepers healthy.
1. Eat Well: Good eye health starts with the food on your plate. Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems like macular degeneration and cataracts. To get them, fill your plate with:
Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and collards;
Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish;
Eggs, nuts, beans, and other nonmeat protein sources;
Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices;
Oysters and pork.
A well-balanced diet also helps you stay at a healthy weight. That lowers your odds of obesity and related diseases like type 2 diabetes, which is the leading cause of blindness in adults.
2. Quit Smoking: It makes you more likely to get cataracts, damage to your optic nerve, and macular degeneration, among many other medical problems. If you’ve tried to kick the habit before only to start again, keep at it. The more times you try to quit, the more likely you are to succeed.
3. Wear Sunglasses: The right pair of shades will help protect your eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure boosts your chances of cataracts and macular degeneration. Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your eyes from the side.
Polarized lenses reduce glare while you drive, but don’t necessarily offer added protection. If you wear contact lenses, some offer UV protection. It’s still a good idea to wear sunglasses for an extra layer.
4. Look Away from the Computer Screen: Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long can cause:
Eyestrain, Blurry vision,
Trouble focusing at a distance,
Neck, back, and shoulder pain.
To protect your eyes: Make sure your glasses or contacts prescription is up to date and good for looking at a computer screen;
Move the screen so your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. That lets you look slightly down at the screen;
Try to avoid glare from windows and lights. Use an anti-glare screen if needed;
Choose a comfortable, supportive chair. Position it so that your feet are flat on the floor;
If your eyes are dry, blink more or try using artificial tears;
Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.
5. Visit Your Eye Doctor Regularly: Everyone needs a regular eye exam, even young children. It helps protect your sight and lets you see your best. Eye exams can also find diseases, like glaucoma, that have no symptoms.
It’s important to spot them early on, when they’re easier to treat. A comprehensive eye exam might include:
Talking about your personal and family medical history;
Vision tests to see if you’re near sighted, farsighted, have an astigmatism (a curved cornea that blurs vision), or presbyopia (age-related vision changes);
Tests to see how well your eyes work together;
Eye pressure and optic nerve tests to check for glaucoma;
External and microscopic examination of your eyes before and after dilation.
Ask your friendly RingPharm Pharmacist: https://ringpharm.co.za/ring-pharmacies-branch-list/