But before heading for the great outdoors, whether a walk in the park or a family camping trip, make sure you are protected against some common summer hazards.
In hot weather, it is crucial to drink plenty of water, and to replenish all the fluids that are lost through perspiration.
Drinks that contain alcohol or caffeine are not effective against dehydration. They can increase fluid output, making it harder to be properly hydrated.
Signs of dehydration include:
•Little or no urination
Hot weather and dehydration can also cause heat exhaustion – with these symptoms:
•Cool, moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat
•Dizziness, nausea, and headache
• Weak, rapid pulse and low blood pressure on standing
Heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke, which can be fatal. Anyone who experiences symptoms of heat exhaustion should stop and rest in a cool place, and to drink water or sports drinks. Heat stroke occurs when body temperature rises dangerously high, and it can no longer cool itself. It is a medical emergency, because it can be fatal.
Wearing lightweight clothing, avoiding direct sunlight, using air conditioning, drinking water, and avoiding heavy meals can help to reduce the risk of heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Severe dehydration can lead to kidney failure, coma, and death.
Source: KK Publishers.